How to upgrade FreeBSD 11 to 12

Pertama catat versi FreeBSD yang running dengan menjalankan perintah:

uname -mrs

contoh hasil:



Update Base OS

Fetch dan update package base os:

freebsd-update fetch install

contoh outputs:

Installing updates...  done.

Selanjutnya update paket juga, jalankan perintah:

pkg update && pkg upgrade

Upgrade FreeBSD 11.3 ke 12.0 dengan metode paket binary.

Jalankan dengan perintah:

freebsd-update -r 12.0-RELEASE upgrade

perintah freebsd-update akan mengevaluasi konfigurasi file dan kita akan review satu persatu serta merge configuration file seperti berikut:

Does this look reasonable (y/n) y
To install the downloaded upgrades, run "/usr/sbin/freebsd-update install".

Setelah semuanya terdownload paket tersebut akan diinstall ke dalam disk. jalankan perintah:

freebsd-update install

contoh outputs:

Installing updates...
Kernel updates have been installed.  Please reboot and run
"/usr/sbin/freebsd-update install" again to finish installing updates.

untuk reboot jalankan perintah:


Setelah up lagi, jalankan ulang perintah freebsd-update untuk menghapus semua shared libraries dan object files yg lama:

freebsd-update install

Contoh outputs:

Installing updates...
Completing this upgrade requires removing old shared object files.
Please rebuild all installed 3rd party software (e.g., programs
installed from the ports tree) and then run "/usr/sbin/freebsd-update install"
again to finish installing updates.

sekarang sistem telah diupdate. untuk update semua paket binary jalankan perintah:

pkg-static install -f pkg
pkg update
pkg upgrade

Contoh outputs:

Updating FreeBSD repository catalogue...
FreeBSD repository is up to date.
All repositories are up to date.
Checking for upgrades (39 candidates): 100%
Processing candidates (39 candidates): 100%
The following 42 package(s) will be affected (of 0 checked):

New packages to be INSTALLED:
    gdb: 8.2
    expat: 2.2.6_1
    libiconv: 1.14_11

Installed packages to be UPGRADED:
    ca_root_nss: 3.40.1 -> 3.41

Installed packages to be REINSTALLED:
    sudo-1.8.25p1 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:11:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:12:x86:64')
    sqlite3-3.25.1 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:11:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:12:x86:64')
    readline-7.0.3_1 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:11:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:12:x86:64')
    binutils-2.30_5,1 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:11:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:12:x86:64')

Number of packages to be installed: 3
Number of packages to be upgraded: 1
Number of packages to be reinstalled: 38

The process will require 53 MiB more space.
145 MiB to be downloaded.

Proceed with this action? [y/N]: y
[1/42] Fetching sudo-1.8.25p1.txz: 100%  682 KiB 698.3kB/s    00:01    
[2/42] Fetching sqlite3-3.25.1.txz: 100%    1 MiB 266.6kB/s    00:05    
[42/42] Fetching libiconv-1.14_11.txz: 100%  601 KiB 615.9kB/s    00:01    
Checking integrity... done (0 conflicting)
[1/42] Reinstalling indexinfo-0.3.1...
[1/42] Extracting indexinfo-0.3.1: 100%
[2/42] Reinstalling readline-7.0.3_1...
[2/42] Extracting readline-7.0.3_1: 100%
[3/42] Reinstalling libffi-3.2.1_2...
By default panic reports will be sent to root with instructions to forward
them if they do not contain any sensitive information.  To automatically
submit panic reports directly, add
to your /etc/rc.conf in addition.
Message from gcc6-6.4.0_8:

To ensure binaries built with this toolchain find appropriate versions
of the necessary run-time libraries, you may want to link using


For ports leveraging USE_GCC, USES=compiler, or USES=fortran this happens

satu kali lagi jalankan:

/usr/sbin/freebsd-update install

Verifikasi version:

uname -mrs


Jika ada services lain, maka package services tersebut jika akan terupgrade: